2020 Census

Everyone Counts!

Once again, Frederick County is preparing to embark on the most comprehensive civic efforts of the decade and everyone is encouraged to participate, regardless of resident status, age, or housing situation. The 2020 Census is coming in just couple of months. We want everyone to be counted because everyone in our county matters.

What is the Census?

The 2020 Census counts all persons living in the United States on April 1, 2020. It uses a questionnaire sent to all residences in the U.S. with questions about the number of people living in each residence. In addition, questions related to general demographic and household information (age, sex, race, relationship, tenure, etc.) are included. 


The census is a national effort required by the US Constitution (Article I, Section 2) every 10 years. Every households in America will receive an invitation to respond to a short questionnaire online, by phone, or by mail. According to the US Census Bureau, “the decennial census is the largest mobilization and operation conducted in the United States and requires years of research, planning, and development of methods and infrastructure to ensure an accurate and complete count."

Why is the Census important?

The information collected during the census determines how seats in the United States House of Representatives are distributed among the 50 states.  Each state is apportioned a number of congressional seats corresponding to its share of the total population of the nation. Census data also help determine and guide how billions of dollars in federal funding are distributed to U.S. communities every year. As a nationally coordinated and critically-important effort, the census not only helps us understand who we are, but also helps us understand how our communities are changing over time.

How is the Census used?

The 2020 Census will shape your community in important ways: 


  • Funding: Census results influence planning and funding for healthcare programs including State children’s Health Insurance programs, or the prevention and treatment of substance abuse programs. Funding of a new school to ease overcrowded classrooms or a new road to ease overcrowded commutes are direct result from using wealth of data from census.  Census results also affect how planning and funding of employment and training programs for dislocated workers.


  • Representation: the results of the census are used to reapportion the House of Representatives, determining how many seats each state gets including Maryland.

  • Additional Resources: local governments, communities, and businesses use census data to make decisions regarding emergency preparedness, schools, roads, libraries, hospitals, and other important resources and policy decisions. ​

When will I receive Census information in the mail?

How can I prepare for the census or receive updates about census efforts?

In preparation for the 2020 Census, we have incorporated the following links for information including PDF of census related resources: General information about the 2020 Census, visit 2020census.gov

Guide to the 2020 Census: How to Respond!
The 2020 Census and the Confidentiality
Sample of the survey questionnaire in 2020
Complete Count Committee

For more information about the Frederick County's Complete Count Committee, or ways you can involve, navigate here!